The word Calendar comes from the Latin “calendarium”, a name given to books utilized for tracking payments and recording time. The first day of each month was called by the Romans kalendae or calends, day when the debts were due. There are currently several calendars utilized worldwide, the Gregorian calendar being the most commonly used.
All calendars refer to a cycle, and the way of dividing the cycles themselves differs.
The Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar of 365 days divided in 12 irregular months of 30-31 days each and February with 28 or 29 days (referring to a Leap year every 4 years, excluding centuries that cannot be divided by 4).
Pope Gregory XIII modified this calendar in 1582 as a reform to the previous Julian calendar. When adding the month of July (by Julius Caesar) and August (Augustus Caesar), the sequence of names lost their meaning.
Did you know that September comes from septem, which means seven in Latin, and it refers to our 9th month? The same happens with October from octo (eight), our 10th month; November from novem (nine), our 11th month, and December from decem (ten), our 12th month… Interesting, right?
Although we take this calendar for granted as a way to regulate and organize our society, in reality it doesn’t have any correlation to nature’s cycles and even the names are wrong.
13 Moon Calendar
One Year equals to 365 days, the time it takes the Earth to orbit around the Sun.
The cycle of the moon orbiting around the Earth is 28 days, an average of the synodic cycle (29.5 days between new moon to new moon) and the sidereal cycle (27.1 days until the moon reappears in the same place in the sky). 28 days also refers to the female biological cycle.
When dividing an annual cycle in lunar cycles, we get: 365 days / 28 days = 13 moons + 1 day
In other words, the 13 Moon calendar is based on 13 moons of 28 even days per solar cycle + 1 day of transition (13×28 = 364+1). The 28 days per moon are divided in 4 weeks of 7 days each, giving 52 even weeks per year.
Lunar calendars have been used in ancient times by different cultures and in various modalities. In its modern version, as conceived by Dr. José Argüelles, the 13 Moon Calendar is known as a synchronometer for tracking synchronicity and each moon has the name and characteristics of the Tzolkin’s 13 Lunar Tones.
Beginning of the Year – July 26
Every year, our Sun rises with the brightest star, Sirius, on July 26th. This is the day when the modern 13 Moon calendar starts. It is believed that on this day our planet receives intense light and cosmic energy that accelerates our evolution.
The 13 Moon calendar runs from July 26 to July 24 every year and, when synchronized with the Tzolkin, the energy for that particular year relates to the Kin that falls on July 26.
Day out of Time – July 25
July 25 is known as the Day out of Time, representing a day of transition between the old and the New Year.
It is also know as the Green Day, Day of Universal Forgiveness and Day of Purification. Since 1992, this day is annually celebrated as “Planetary Peace through Culture”, dedicated to ceremonies, artistic expressions and creativity. People get together all around the world to enjoy outdoor activities, listen to music and just share a special day.
As July 25 does not belong to any moon or week in the 13 Moon calendar, this day is an opportunity to truly experience timelessness and freedom. We are invited to reflect, meditate, practice forgiveness, and prepare ourselves for the new cycle to start.
The real duration of a solar year is around 365.25 days. In order to synchronize it with the astronomical and seasonal cycles, the Gregorian calendar adds an additional day every 4 years, which means that every 4 years the length of the year is 366 days instead of 365. This additional day is added as February 29 and the 366-day year is called a Leap year. This norm excludes centuries that cannot be divided by 4.
The 13 Moon calendar does not recognize February 29 as an extra day. Within the 13 Moon Calendar, this additional day is called 0.0.Hunab Ku, which repeats itself every 4 years between days 22-23 of the Galactic Moon and can be considered as an extra day out of time.
The Tzolkin energy for February 29 is always the Kin of the previous day (Feb 28) until noon, and the Kin of the following day (Mar 1) after noon.
Dr. José Arguelles (1939-2011)
Dr. José Argüelles (bio), founder of the Planet Art Network and the Foundation for the Law of Time, identified two time frequencies:
12:60 the “mechanized time”, where “Time is Money”, and 13:20 the “natural time”, where “Time is Art”.
While the 12:60 frequency is based on an artificial time, the irregular and illogical 12-month Gregorian calendar combined with the 60-minute mechanical hour, the 13:20 frequency states that a calendar based on natural cycles becomes an instrument of synchronization.
“Just as air is the atmosphere of the body, so time is the atmosphere of the mind; If the time in which we live consists of uneven months and days regulated by mechanized minutes and hours, that is what becomes of our mind: a mechanized irregularity. Since everything follows from mind, it is no wonder that the atmosphere in which we live daily becomes more polluted, and the greatest complaint is: ‘I just don’t have enough time!’ ” ~ Argüelles